Page 185 - SC SCAR 2023 ENGLISH Flipbook
P. 185

                                  PART 5 ORGANISATION INFORMATION
The SC adopted amendments to MFRS 101, Presentation of Financial Statements and – Disclosure of Accounting Policies from 1 January 2023. The amendments require the disclosure of ‘material’, rather than ‘significant’, accounting policies. The amendments also provide guidance on the application of materiality to disclosure of accounting policies, assisting entities to provide useful, entity-specific accounting policy information that users need to understand other information in the financial statements.
The material accounting policy information is disclosed in the respective notes to the financial statements where relevant.
The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements, and have been applied consistently by the SC, unless otherwise stated.
(a) Financial instruments
(i) Recognition and initial measurement
A financial asset or a financial liability is recognised in the statement of financial position when, and only when, the SC becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.
A financial asset (unless it is a trade receivable without significant financing component) or a financial liability is initially measured at fair value plus or minus, for an item not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to its acquisition or issuance. A trade receivable without a significant financing component is initially measured at the transaction price.
(ii) Financial instrument categories and subsequent measurement
Financial assets
Categories of financial assets are determined on initial recognition and are not reclassified subsequent to their initial recognition unless the SC changes its business model for managing financial assets and the contractual term of the cash flows in which case all affected financial assets are reclassified on the first day of the first reporting period following the change of the business model. SC classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:
• Amortised cost; and
• Fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL).
Amortised cost
Amortised cost category comprises financial assets that are held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets to collect contractual cash flows and its contractual terms give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely for payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding (SPPI). Subsequent to initial recognition, these financial assets are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. The amortised cost is reduced by impairment losses. Finance income and impairment are recognised in profit or loss. Any gain or loss on derecognition is recognised in profit or loss.
Finance income is recognised by applying effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount except for credit impaired financial assets (see Note 3(f)(i)) where the effective interest rate is applied to the amortised cost.
Fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)
Financial assets that do not satisfy the criteria for amortised cost or fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) are measured at FVTPL.

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